Archaeology Magazine

A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America

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Italian Caves Were Home to Both Humans and Neanderthals

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

NAPLES, ITALY—Italian researchers say they have found evidence of habitation by both Neanderthals and modern humans in the caves of Roccia San Sebastiano, which overlook the Tyrrhenian Sea, near Naples. The earliest archaeological layers in the cave are 40,000 years old, and they yielded Neanderthal tools and a tooth lost by a Neanderthal child.